Tagged: factroy method

Design Patterns: Factory Method

Another design pattern today! The second most common after the singleton is in my opinion factory method. It’s a creational design pattern, that’s useful while you need to control creation process of the objects a little more than by a constructor.

For instance you might want to decide what subclass to create at the runtime rather than while writing the code. Or you don’t care what subclass will be constructed. Factory method in some more advanced implementations also allows reusing old objects insead of always creating new instances. The factory method will give you an object when you request it, but the creation process is encapsulated. That encapsulation is enforced, and allows an object to be requested without inextricable coupling to the act of creation.

Detailed description of the design pattern can be found at sourcemaking.com. I’ll just throw in the code. In my examples, there’s a base class — a Cup and two subclasses RedCup and BlueCup. The base class has a factory method that will get you a cup of the color you like.

C++

class Cup
{
    public:
        Cup()
          : color("")
        {}

        std::string color;

        /* This is the factory method. */
        static Cup* getCup(std::string color);
};

class RedCup : public Cup
{
    public:
        RedCup()
        {
            color = "red";
        }
};

class BlueCup : public Cup
{
    public:
        BlueCup()
        {
            color = "blue";
        }
};

Cup* Cup::getCup(std::string color)
{
    if (color == "red")
        return new RedCup();
    else if (color == "blue")
        return new BlueCup();
    else
        return 0;
}

/* A little testing */
int main()
{
    /* Now we decide the type of the cup at
* runtime by the factory method argument */
    Cup* redCup = Cup::getCup("red");
    std::cout << redCup->color << std::endl;

    Cup* blueCup = Cup::getCup("blue");
    std::cout << blueCup->color << std::endl;
}

The whole source file is available on git.

Python

class Cup:
    color = ""

    # This is the factory method
    @staticmethod
    def getCup(cupColor):
        if (cupColor == "red"):
            return RedCup()
        elif (cupColor == "blue"):
            return BlueCup()
        else:
            return None

class RedCup(Cup):
    color = "red"

class BlueCup(Cup):
    color = "blue"

# A little testing
redCup = Cup.getCup("red")
print "%s(%s)" % (redCup.color, redCup.__class__.__name__)

blueCup = Cup.getCup("blue")
print "%s(%s)" % (blueCup.color, blueCup.__class__.__name__)

The whole source text is available on git.

Sources

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